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Anglais niveau 6 vocabulaire à haute fréquence sténographie + 2 décembre 2018 audition jour 04

2022-05-15 02:54:07Ma pengsen

Collection | Vocabulaire anglais à haute fréquence de niveau 61000- Oui.16C'est fini

slash

vt. Coupez.;Réduction drastique;n. Coupez.;Barre oblique

metric

a. Métrique,Métrique

immense

a. Large,énorme

drain

v. File!;Ça s'épuise n. Épuisé;Drains

insulate

vt. Isoler;isolement

prototype

n. Prototypes

compact

a. Compact;Compact;vt. Prends ça.…Compactage n. Contrats

notorious

a. C'est bien connu

equation

n. Équation,Équation

subsidy

n. Subventions

tub

n. Seau,Tasse en plastique;Bassin,La baignoire

giant

n. Géant!;Des gens intelligents;a. énorme

decisive

a. Décisif;Ferme

hike

n. La randonnée;Ajouter;v. La randonnée;Amélioration

thermal

a. Chaud;Chaud

specialize

vi. (in)Spécialisation

furnace

n. Poêle à feu

portion

n. Une partie,Un exemplaire.;vt. Répartition

implement

vt. Rendre effectif,Mise en œuvre;n. Outils,Appareils

keen

a.Enthousiaste;Perspicace;Intense;Tranchant

clutch

v. Tentative d'attraper ;Tiens bon;n. Embrayage;Maîtrise

mall

n. Centre commercial

lounge

n. Le Salon;vi. ( Paresseux )Allonge - toi.;Flâner

cozy/cosy

a. Confortable; Gentil et amical

relieve

vt. Pour faciliter;Atténuation; Pour obtenir la modulation ;Remplacement

precaution

n. Prévention,Attention!

haunt

vt. Souvent hanté par ;Pour faire souffrir;Enroulement;n. Les endroits fréquentés

vanish

vi. Disparaître;Il n'existe plus

bankrupt

a. En faillite; Un manque total de ;vt. Faire faillite  n. Les faillis

freight

n. Marchandises;vt. Transport(Marchandises)

integral

a. Nécessaire pour former un tout

remedy

n. Recours;Médicaments, Traitement ;vt. Recours;Traitement

defy

vt. Désobéissance;Mépris; .Rendre impossible ;Choisis.,Excitation

vague

a. Vague,Vague

betray

vt. Trahison; Infidèle à ;Fuite;Exposition

embrace

vt. Câlin;Y compris:;Encerclez.;n. Câlin

occupation

n. Profession;Loisirs;Occupation

gauge

n. Instruments de mesure;Épaisseur;Spécifications;vt. Estimation;Mesure

suspect

vt. Conjecture;C'est exact.…Exprimer des doutes ;n. Suspect a. Suspect.

casual

a. Froid;Informel;Par hasard;Provisoire

acquaintance

n. Connaissances;- Oui.,Compris.

embarrass

vt. Embarrassant

inferior

a. Pauvre;Inférieur;n. Niveau inférieur

parade

n. Marche,Examen;v.(Faire) Faites la queue

donation

n. Contributions,Dons

gap

n. Gap;Lacunes;Pas assez

cheat

v. Tricher;Tricher;n. Tricher;Menteur!

gaze

vi./;n. Le regard

jealous

a. Jaloux; Bien gardé

payment

n. Paiements effectués;Paiement

peculiar

a. Bizarre.;Unique;n. Propriété exclusive ,Privilèges

judgement

n. Observations;Le jugement;Le procès

scope

n. Champ d'application;Marge de manœuvre

scrape

v. Gratter,Essuie.;n. Gratter,Essuie., Le bruit de grattage

organize

vt. Organisation; Organiser

revolve

vi. Rotation

sanction

vt. Approbation;n. Approbation;Obligatoire;(Souventpl.) Sanctions internationales

penetrate

v. Infiltration;Perforation;Aperçu

rival

n. Les concurrents; Un homme comparable (Ou objet);a. Concurrence vt. Avec…Concurrence;C'est mieux que ça.

upset

vt. Pour distraire;Perturbation;Pour renverser;n.Inconfort a. Contrarié

expansive

a. Facile à gonfler ; Gaie ,Bavard

conscience

n. Conscience

exemplify

vt. - Oui.…Typique de; Exemple de

sexual

a. Sexe;Sexe

Écouter

English Listening Collection for english level 6

SectionA
Conversation 1

M: Do you mind taking my photo with the statue【La statue】over there? I think it will make a great shot【Conception、Objectif、 Un petit verre 】.
W: Sure, no worries. You're always taking photos. What do you do with all the photos you take?
M: Well, don't laugh. My dream is to become an online celebrity【Célébrités】of sorts.
W: You are not serious, are you?
M: I am, completely. I just got the idea a few months ago after posting some holiday photos on my social media accounts. A lot of people liked my photos and started asking me for travel tips. So I figured I'd give it a go. I post a lot on social media anyway. So I've got nothing to lose.
W: I guess that's true. So what do you have to do to become Internet famous?
M: Surprisingly a lot more than I did as a hobby【Hobby】. Recently, I've been spending a lot more time editing photos, posting online and clearing storage on my phone. It's always full now.【
C'est toujours plein maintenant
W: That doesn't sound like too much work.
M: Well, there's more to it. I spent all last weekend researching what topics are popular, what words to use in captions【Titre】and similar accounts to follow. It really was a lot to take in. And I was up well past midnight【
Je n'ai pas dormi au milieu de la nuit 】. I'd say it's paying off though【 Je dirais que ça en valait la peine 】. I increased the number of people following my accounts by 15% already.
W: That is impressive【
Impressionnant、Admirable】. I guess I never thought much about all the effort behind the scene【 Je n'ai jamais pensé à ces efforts en coulisses 】. Now that I think about it, there's always something wrong with my photos as it is—half smiles,closed eyes, messy hair. I hope you have better luck than I do. Then again【Deuxièmement,】, I think the only person interested in my photos is my mom.

1. What does the man ask the woman to do?
2. What does the man dream of?
3. What has the man been busy doing recently?
4. What does the woman say about her photos?

Conversation 2
M: Good evening and welcome to Physics Today. Here we interview some of the greatest minds in physics as they help us to understand some of the most complicatedComplexetheories. Today, I'm very pleased to welcome Dr. Melissa Phillips, professor of theoretical physics. She's here to tell us a little about what it is she studies. Dr. Phillips, you seem to study everything.
W: I guess that would be fair to say I spent most of my time studying the Big Bang theory and where our universeL'universcame from.
M: Can you tell us a little about that?
W: Well, I'm very interested in why the universe exists at all. That may sound odd, but the fact is at the moment of the Big Bang, both matter and anti-matter were created for a short time, and I mean just a fraction ofUne petite partiea second. The whole universe was a super-hot soup of radiationRayonnementfilled with these particlesParticules. So what's baffledConfusionscientists for so long is "why is there a universe at all?"
M: That's because matter and anti-matter are basically opposites of each other. They are exactly alikeExactement la même chose.except that they have opposite electrical charges. So when they collideCollisions, they destroy each other?
W: Exactly. So during the first few moments of the Big Bang, the universe was extremely hot and very small. Matter and the now more exotic anti-matter would have had littlePresque rienspace to avoid each other. This means that they should have totally wiped each other out, leaving the universe completely barren【Pauvre、 Sans poils 】.
M: But a recent study seems to point to the fact that when matter and anti-matter were first created, there were slightlyLégèremore particles of matter, which allowed the universe we all live in to form.
W: Exactly. Because there was slightly more matter, the collisions quickly depleted all the anti-matter and left just enough matter to create stars, planetsLes planètesand eventually us.

5. What does the man say is Physics Today?
6. What is the woman physicist's main research area?
7. What is the woman interested in?
8. What seems to be the finding of the recent study? Qu'est - ce qu'une étude récente a trouvé ?

universe【L'univers
university【L'Université

particles【Particules
practice【En fait,】

planetsLes planètes
plant【Les plantes】

Section B
Passage 1
In this week's editionVersionof special series on Bizarre Medical Conditions, there is a report of the case of【……Situation】Michelle Myers. Myers is an American woman who woke up one day speaking with a British accentAccent, even though she's lived in the United States all her life. In 2015, Myers went to bed with a terrible headache. She woke up sounding like someone from England. Her British accent has remained for the past two years. Previously, Myers had woken up speaking in Irish and Australian accents. However, on both of those occasions, the accents lasted for only a week.
Myers has been diagnosed with Foreign Accent SyndromeSyndromes. It's a disorder in which a person experiences a sudden change to their speechDiscours、Déclarationsso that they sound like they're speaking in a foreign accent. The condition is most often caused by a strokeAccident vasculaire cérébralor traumatic【 Trauma 】brain injury. Although people with the syndrome have intelligible Facile à comprendre speech, their manner of speaking is altered in terms of timingTimingand tongue placement, which may distortDistorsiontheir pronunciation.The result is that they may sound foreign when speaking their native language.It's not clear whether Myers has experienced a stroke or other brain damage, but she also has a separateSeul、Différentmedical condition, which can result in loose joints Articulations desserrées , easily bruisedUne égratignureskin and other problems.
Foreign Accent Syndrome is rare, with only about 60 cases reported within the past century. However, a different American woman reportedly spoke with the Russian accent in 2010 after she fell down the stairsLes escaliersand hit her head.

9. What happened to Michelle Myers one day?
10. What does the passage say about Foreign Accent Syndrome?
11. What accent did another American woman speak with after a head injury?

Passage 2

​​​​​​​There is something about water that makes it a good metaphorMétaphorefor life. That may be one reason why so many people find relief in swimming when life's seas get roughRugueux. And it goes some way towards explaining why books about swimming, in which people tackle icy lakes【 Un lac glacé 】, race in rivers and overcome oceans while reflecting on【Penser、Réflexion their lives, have recently become so popular.
These books reflect a trend, particularly strong in Britain, where swimming in pools is declining, but more and more folksLes gensare opting forSélectionneropen water. "Wild swimming" seems to be especially popular among women. Jenny Landreth recently published a guide to the best swimming spots in London. Her new book, Swell, interweavesEntrelacementher own story with a history of female pioneersPioneerwho accomplished remarkable featsService méritoireand paved the way for future generations.
Notions of modestyModestie(Timide.)La notion de restricted women in the Victorian era, but they still swam. A "bathing machine" was rolled down Descends! to the seashoreLa côteso women would not be seen in swimwearMaillot de bain. In 1892, The Gentlewoman's Book of Sport described a woman swimming in a heavy dressLes vêtements, bootsBottes, hat, glovesGantsand carrying an umbrellaParapluie.
Eventually, swimming became freer. Mixed bathing Bain mixte was permittedAllowon British beaches in 1901. Women won the right to swim in public pools, learned to swim properly, created appropriate swimwear and, in time, even competed against men. The first woman to cross the English Channel La Manche was Gertrude Ederle in 1926. She beat the record by almost two hours and her father rewardedRécompensesher with a red sports car.

12. What has become so popular recently?
13. What did Jenny Landreth do recently?
14. What do we learn about women in the Victorian era?
15. What does the passage say about Gertrude Ederle?

Section C
Recording 1
Today I'm going to talk about a very special kind of person. Psychologists call them "masters of deception," those rare individuals with a natural ability to tell with complete confidence when someone is telling a lie. For decades, researchers and law enforcement agencies have tried to build a machine that will do the same thing.
Now a company in Massachusetts says that by using magneticMagnétiquebrain scans they can determine with 97% accuracy whether someone is telling the truth. They hope that the technology will be cleared for use in American courtsLe Tribunalby early next year. But is this really the ultimate tool for you, the lawyers of tomorrow?
You'll not find many brain scientists celebrating this breakthrough. The company might be very optimistic, but the ability of their machine to detect deceptionTricherhas not provided credible proof Des preuves crédibles . That's because the technology has not been properly tested in real-world situations. In life, there are different kinds of lies and diverseDiverscontextEnvironnementin which they're told. These differences may elicitExportation、Je l'ai.different brain responses. Does their hypothesisHypothèsesbehind the test apply in every case? We don't know the answer, because studies done on how reliable this machine is have not yet been duplicated. Much more research is badly needed【 Il est urgent de poursuivre la recherche 】.
Whether the technology is eventually deemed reliable enough for the courts will ultimately be decided by the judges. Let's hope they're wise enough not to be fooled by a machine that claims to determine truthfulness at the flick of a switch Appuyez sur l'interrupteur . They should also be sceptical of the growing tendency to try to reduce all human traits and actions to the level of brain activity. Often, they do not mapLa carte、Cartographie that easily.
Moreover, understanding the brain is not the same as understanding the mind. Some researchers have suggested that thoughts cannot properlyOui.、C'est vraibe seen as purely "internal." Instead, thoughts make senseC'est logique.only in reference toÀ propos dethe individual's external world. So whileBien quethere may be insightsAperçuto be gainedObtenirfrom matching behavior to brain activity, those insights will not necessarily lead to justice in a court of law. Problems surround the use of machines to spot deception Découvrir la tromperie , at least until it has been rigorouslySévèretested. A high-tech test that can tell when a person is not telling the truth sounds too good to be true. And when something sounds too good to be true, it usually is.

16. What have researchers and law enforcementMise en œuvreagencies tried to do?
17. How do many brain scientists respond to the Massachusetts company's so-calledCe qu'on appelletechnological breakthrough?
18. What does the speaker think of using a high-techHaute technologietest to determine whether a person is telling the truth?

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